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More About Cuba

About Cuba


Language: Spanish

Geography: Cuba is the Caribbean’s largest archipelago, close to the coasts of Mexico and the United States. Its northern border the Straits of Florida, the east by the Windward Passage, south the Caribbean Sea and west by the Gulf of Mexico. Surface Total is 110 860 square kilometers. It has a great diversity of rocks and soils. From the limestone of Viñales to the red soil Moa. It has several underwater caves as the eye Mégano in Villa Clara and emerged as St. Thomas.

Health: All Cuban citizens living in the country have right to free health services. The State guarantees right to health care as follows: the providing free medical and hospital care through the network of rural medical service facilities, polyclinics, hospitals, preventative and specialized treatment centers; with providing free dental care; with development the health publicity campaigns and health education, newspapers, general vaccinations and other measures medical exams prevention of diseases. The Cuban State gives women workers paid maternity leave before and after birth and temporary work options compatible with their function mother.

Education: Education in Cuba is free at all levels from primary schools, secondary, polytechnic, the graduates and universities, with the University of Havana the most prestigious in the country. In 1961 the government conducted a Literacy campaign leading to eradicate illiteracy in Cuba. Education is compulsory through the ninth grade.

Currency: The currency is the Cuban peso (CUP) and the Cuban convertible peso (CUC). The conversion between CUP and CUC is fixed at 1 CUC = 25 CUP.

Socio-economic background: Since 1962, the system political economy of Cuba has been one-party and statist, identified with Marxist-Leninist ideas. In fact, most of the means of production they are under the direct control of the government as well as the workforce. In 2013 as part of reforms Economic carried out by the government of Raul Castro, strength
employment of 5.1 million people are employed by 77% state institutions and 23% in private activities.

Weather: Warm weather almost all year round with temperatures between 24-34 Celsius degrees. Between November and April temperatures fall whereas between May and October there is very hot. The average humidity is relatively high all year, approaching 90%.

Security: The body responsible for defending the country are Revolutionary Armed Forces (FAR). All young Cuban has the legal obligation to perform active military service for one or two years, depending on whether it has managed to enroll or not in a higher education. Female military service is voluntary.

Tourism Infrastructure: Cuba has beautiful beaches, cities and Fields distinguish recreational landscape in the Caribbean. The visitors can enjoy comfortable hotel facilities and practice healthy tourism.